Abortion is a process to end an unwanted pregnancy so that the birth of the baby does not occur. Many women who go for abortions do so because their fetuses have fatal abnormality or because the pregnancy endangers their health. It can be done in two ways:-
- Surgical Abortion
- Medical Abortion
Abortion using surgical methods is done when the pregnancy is more than 49 days old or ectopic.
It can be done in following ways:-
Vacuum Aspiration Abortion-
In this type of abortion a tube is gently inserted into the uterus through the cervix. The contents of the uterus are sucked out through this tube.
Dilatation and Evacuation, Dilatation and Curettage
In this type of abortion a woman’s cervical canal is enlarged with tools called dilators. When the canal is adequately enlarged the womb is cleared by suction, or by having its contents scraped out with an instrument called a curette.
Partial Birth Abortion or Intact Dilation and Extraction
The process involves the taking out of the body of the fetus into the vagina before the contents of the head are sucked out. It results in the death of the fetus that is removed from the female’s body.
Medical abortion is a method of executing unwanted pregnancy using pills taken by mouth or vaginal route which produce a miscarriage. Medical abortion can be done using Medical Termination of Pregnancy kit or MTP Kit. Abortion using MTP Kit works in two stages- First the female is given the drug Mifepristone, which blocks the activity of progesterone hormone. This hormone is required for the attachment of the fertilized egg to the lining of the uterus. Therefore, Mifepristone causes detachment of the fetus from the uterus lining.
After 48 hours, the female is given Misoprostol, which induces uterine contractions and bleeding and causes the fetus to be expelled from her body. Medical abortion is done in the first 49 days of a pregnancy and when it is Intrauterine. The earlier an abortion is carried out, the safer it is for the woman.
Many women prefer this method to end their pregnancy as it is more natural way to abort. It is also popular among women who want to avoid surgical intervention. Medical abortion needs much less training or professional help as compared to surgical abortion. A woman feels in control during the whole process, which makes it easy for them to go through it.
This method was developed in France in the 1980s. Since, then it has gained popularity due to its safe and effective action. Medical abortion has high efficacy rate (more than 96%).
Before undergoing Medical Abortion it is important to confirm the type and duration of pregnancy.
MTP Kit contains 1 tablet of Mifepristone (200mg) and 4 tablets of Mifepristone (200mc each). Start the abortion procedure with Mifepristone. Take 1 tablet of Mifepristone orally with a glass of water. After 48 hours, Take 4 tablets of Misoprostol through vaginal or oral route. In case, a woman is suffering from the problem of Ulcers, then vaginal route is preferred.
After 2 weeks, take an Ultrasonographic test to confirm if the process of abortion has been successfully completed or not.
Side effects: – Vaginal Blood loss, painful cramps, pain and infection in the pelvic region, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, etc.
- Do not use MTP Kit, if you are sensitive to ingredients of MTP Kit- Mifepristone and Misoprostol.
- This kit is not effective if the pregnancy is ectopic
- Remove IUD, if you are using any, before using this Kit.
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